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Welcome to the Internet orchid species Photo Encyclopedia
24,375species in 865 genera
SITE LAST UPDATED 1/01/22
This Site Dedicated to Orchid Lovers Everywhere!
Happy New Year! STAY SAFE! Bulbophyllum is getting a full revision and full linking with many of the sections
Orchid Site Compiler – Jay Pfahl
Copy and Photo Editor- Susan Taylor
Synonym and broken link Co-Editor – Christian Kirsch
Taxonomic Fact Checker and broken link Co-Editor – Egon Krogsgaard
Html Editor- Dave Alford
IOSPE Nomenclature Notes on New Combinations and New Species
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The subscription system of $10 per year has been a great idea and has helped quite a bit as I have been able to obtain a lot of new books and reference materiasl. New references though, are now becoming available and I need to have more funds to purchase them. I only use any income from this site to purchase books or pay internet costs. Not a penny goes into my pocket. If you want to keep this site with the most up to date references then please send in your subscription!!! Today is the day! We need your help! All you in other countries than the US please help as well. You are about two-thirds of the users but send in only 5% of the total subscriptions. Please send a check or international money order to
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It has come to my attention that some of you have been using photos or descriptions lifted from this site to aid in selling plants. Please be advised that we do not allow this and will prosecute offenders. Any reuse of these photos for commercial gain is patently illegal. All the photos of mine and my contributors are copyrighted and we will pursue offenders vigorously!
Commercial use is the fastest way for this page and international effort to unravel. Please be thoughtful and do not copy!!!!!!!!
This site is compiled from photos collected from growers or photo collectors around the world and I rely on them to try to be sure of their identification. As we all know, however, many plants are mislabeled and growers and collectors can’t know all species in every genera, so please be advised that to the best of our knowledge the following ID’s are correct. I have hundreds of references, thanks to you all, but often many species are not well represented. I try to the best of my capabilities to be correct but as the adage goes, “To err is human”. Many species herewith have been scrutinized by taxonomic experts and will be correct, but this may not be true of all the species described. If you have any questions as to the veracity of any species described in this encyclopedia please e-mail me, Jay Pfahl, at email@example.com and we will work at correcting the mistake. As to the text it is compiled by culling notes from hundreds of books and publications [See Bibliography and source books] but it too can be wrong in part due to my mistake or in the often conflicting reports on various orchids.
If you have been holding out on sending your orchid species photos now is the time to act. The new goal is 25000 … I topped 7000 on July 25 2007, 8000 passed on 4/1/08, 17,000 in January 2014, and 20,000 species was attained on May/4 2016
Taxonomic Organization of Species, varieties and formas All varieties, formas, subspecies and the like are listed under the parent species, ie. all information and photos for Stanhopea eburnea var. grandiflora (Lindley) Regel 1856 will be found under the link for Stanhopea grandiflora [Lodd] Lindley
IF you do not find a species listed here that you know is a species, most likely I do not have a photo or drawing of it and therefore it is not included in this list. This is a photo encyclopedia not an orchid list of all plant names, although I am trying very hard to get there.
American Orchid Society Review “Orchids” 9/99
Page 2 of review
We have just gotten a rave review in Orchids Australia Feb. 2000, the Australian Orchid Society magazine!
Light Meter Icons;
Full Shade =
Dappled shade or Partial Shade =
Bright Light or Full light =
Full Sun =
Cold =2500 Meters and Up, 50`F to 58`F night average – –
Cool =1800 to 2500 Meters, 58`F to 66`F night average
Warm =1000 meters to 1800 meters, 66`F to 75`F night average – –
Hot = Sea Level to 1000 Meters, 75`F to 85`F
SIZE: Miniature – under 6″ tall leaf and pseudobulb Small – under 12″ tall leaf and pseudobulb Medium – under 24″ tall Large – under 48″ tall Giant – Over 48″ tall
! denotes Type Species of the genus
* denotes the basionym or original name with the same species taxon
` denotes that the information is complete for the genus
Below are orchid species listed alphabetically, you can go from species to species by scrolling to the top or bottom of any page to find another alphabet bar such as this one below. All names are listed alphabetically including synonyms, so if you see your plant name without a link, there will be a reference there to procede to the name that is on this list with a link to the picture as well as cultural information for your species.
These lists have been compiled from many sources, most of which are listed in the bibliography, but the spelling and taxonomic listings are largely backed up by either The Kew Monocot list or The Missouri Botanical Gardens W3Tropicos Database unless there is a question mark after the species name or if there is no describers name presented.
It has come to my attention that some of you have been using photos from this site to aid in selling plants. Please be advised that we do not allow this and will prosecute offenders. Any reuse of these photos for commercial gain is patently illegal. All the photos of mine and my contributors are copyrighted and we will pursue offenders vigorously!
Alphabetical Species Search!
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110 BEAUTIFUL ORCHID SPECIES
The Orchidaceae are a diverse and widespread family of flowering plants, with blooms that are often colourful and fragrant, commonly known as the orchid family.
Distribution range of family Orchidaceae
Along with the Asteraceae, they are one of the two largest families of flowering plants. The Orchidaceae have about 28,000 currently accepted species, distributed in about 763 genera. The determination of which family is larger is still under debate, because verified data on the members of such enormous families are continually in flux. Regardless, the number of orchid species is nearly equal to the number of bony fishes, more than twice the number of bird species, and about four times the number of mammal species.
The family encompasses about 6–11% of all seed plants. The largest genera are Bulbophyllum (2,000 species), Epidendrum (1,500 species), Dendrobium (1,400 species) and Pleurothallis (1,000 species). It also includes Vanilla (the genus of the vanilla plant), the type genus Orchis, and many commonly cultivated plants such as Phalaenopsis and Cattleya. Moreover, since the introduction of tropical species into cultivation in the 19th century, horticulturists have produced more than 100,000 hybrids and cultivars.
Orchids are easily distinguished from other plants, as they share some very evident derived characteristics or synapomorphies. Among these are: bilateral symmetry of the flower (zygomorphism), many resupinate flowers, a nearly always highly modified petal (labellum), fused stamens and carpels, and extremely small seeds.