The Nullarbor Plain is a patch of semi-arid desert that stretches from the goldfields of Western Australia across to the Eyre Peninsula in South Australia. At 200,000 square kilometres it is the world’s largest single exposure of limestone bedrock, as well as one of those things that you can actually see from space.
The Nullarbor is peak Australia. It’s a patch of nothingness that seems to go on forever—nulla arbor is literally Latin for no trees—but the complete lack of any defining features makes this a unique and eerily beautiful part of the world. As such the 2700km drive between Perth and Adelaide across the Nullarbor Plain has become a rite of passage for many travellers.
Gorgeous oblivion aside, there are many other reasons to drive across the Nullabor. You can play Nullarbor Links, the world’s longest golf course. You can drive Australia’s longest stretch of straight road. You can also drop into one of the handful of pubs along the route and hear tales of the mythical Nullarbor Nymph.
There are plenty of reasons why you’d drive across the Nullarbor. Perhaps the more pressing question, then, is how?
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The Towns of the Nullarbor
For the purposes of this article we won’t describe the entire trip from Perth to Adelaide, but will instead focus on the stretch that curves around the Australian Bight, from Norseman in Western Australia to Ceduna in South Australia.
So, going from west to east, let’s take a look at the major (a relative word) stops on your journey across the Nullarbor Plain.
- Norseman: The beginning of your Nullarbor adventure, this is the town where you turn onto the Eyre Highway.
- Balladonia: A simple roadhouse stop found at the start of Australia’s longest stretch of straight road.
- Caiguna: The town at the other end of the almost 150km straight stretch.
- Cocklebiddy: A roadhouse town known for its caves, lakes and funny name.
- Madura: A stop famous for the natural blowholes of the Madura Pass scenic lookout, and a sprawling sheep station.
- Mundrabilla: Another station-cum-roadhouse, Mundrabilla is most famous for its namesake meteorite, the largest ever found in Australia.
- Eucla: 11km from the South Australian border, the beautiful coastal town of Eucla marks the start of Nullarbor National Park.
- Nullarbor Roadhouse: At the other end of the National Park, the Nullarbor Roadhouse is an oasis in the middle of nowhere.
- Yalata: This aboriginal community is the first true sign of civilisation on the South Australian side.
- Penong: Cactus Beach, Port Sinclair Pink Lake, a windmill museum; after the nothingness of the Nullarbor, Penong is almost overwhelming.
- Ceduna: The end of the Nullarbor and the beginning of the Eyre Peninsula, the 2000-strong town will feel more like a city.
There are a few other roadhouses and tiny settlements sprinkled throughout the journey, many strategically placed to ensure that there’s never more than 200km between one fuel stop and the next. But if you’re making an itinerary, choosing a handful of the communities above will put you in good stead.
Can You Bike, Hike or Train the Nullarbor?
‘What if I don’t want to drive?’ you ask. Not a problem, there are other ways to skin this desolate cat… although a couple of the options aren’t particularly tempting, as you’ll be trading in petrol for pasta.
The first person to cross the Nullarbor by bike was Arthur Charles Jeston Richardson in 1896, as part of his circumnavigation of Australia. He tackled the stretch in summer, and instantly regretted it. Since being sealed the Eyre Highways is a more common cycle route these days, although you’ll still need to be comfortable riding up to 200km between water stops, on the same tarmac as road trains, and in extreme conditions (perhaps avoid summer, hey Arthur?)
With their deep knowledge of the land, many indigenous peoples have managed the trek. Henri Gilbert, the first non-indigenous person to do it, completed the walk in the middle of the 1897-98 summer (early settlers apparently didn’t understand how Australian seasons worked.) Another notable walk was completed in 1985 by six young ‘Jesus Christians’, who didn’t think to take any supplies. They made it, thanks mainly to the kindness of passing motorists, although they preferred to thank God. Should you hike the Nullarbor? We’ll make it simple. No.
The last and most reasonable alternate form of Nullarbor transport is offered by the Indian Pacific, a passenger train that travels between Perth (the Indian Ocean) and Sydney (the Pacific Ocean) on a regular basis. It crosses the Nullarbor in a day (and a bit of the night), offering incredible levels of totally unique scenery, as the line is a long way inland from the highway. You will have to spend a pretty penny to secure your seat, but in return you’ll enjoy the most relaxed and luxurious Nullarbor experience available.
Nullarbor Driving Information
What does a driver need to know about the journey?
- Length: the Norseman to Ceduna section described here covers 1200km, or 12.5 hours of uninterrupted driving. Perth to Adelaide meanwhile is a 2700km, 28 hour non-stop journey. It’s wise to split the journey up over a handful of days. Try to limit your daily driving to eight hours.
- Speed limits: The open roads have a speed limit of 110kph, lowering to 80kph or 60kph as you drive through towns and settlements.
- Driving at night: The main resident of the Nullarbor is the kangaroo. Unfortunately these beautiful creatures are quite fond of headlights. Avoid driving after dark where possible.
- Petrol stations: All the towns listed above (apart from Yalata) sell fuel. Rest assured you’ll never be more than 200km from a petrol station the entire drive.
Accommodation – best overnight stops on the Nullarbor
Hotels, Motels and Hostels… Where should I stay when crossing the Nullarbor?
While you shouldn’t expect the Ritz, there are many perfectly comfortable accommodation options along the journey. Working from west to east, the best overnight stops include:
Camping & Campervan Stops on Nullarbor
Can I camp in a tent along the Nullarbor?
You certainly can! The only caveat is that you’ll need to do so in a designated area. Thankfully there are plenty of spots to do just that, most of which take the form of free roadside rest areas:
If you want a more spectacular spot to camp, there are a number of opportunities to stay the night in a national park, although a small fee will generally apply. Nature lovers should check out the following picturesque campgrounds, provided your vehicle is capable of getting there:
Things to Stop and See En-Route…
For an area known for its nothingness, the Nullarbor has a fair bit going on. Be sure to check out the following sights and experiences on your journey:
- Eyre Bird Observatory: An avian research facility that’s a dream for bird watchers.
- Weebubbie Cave: A spectacular cave diving spot.
- Bunda Cliffs: Stunning limestone cliffs collapse into the bluest of water.
- Great Australian Bight Marine Park: World-class whale watching from June to October, and plenty of playful seals during the rest of the year.
- Koonalda Homestead: A slowly decaying homestead in the middle of Nullarbor National Park that’s a joy for photographers.
- Koonalda Caves: An underground cavern with Aboriginal rock art dating back 20,000 years.
- Nullarbor Links: This 18 hole golf course stretches 1365km across the Nullarbor, making it comfortably the longest in the world. Don’t expect much grass.
Is the Nullarbor dangerous?
In the sense that it has a harsh environment, yes. In the sense that you’ll be robbed, no. Everyone is on the same exciting journey together, so there’s a real sense of community amongst travellers. The main danger is being exposed to the elements after a breakdown, so try not to stray too far from the highway.
How long does it take to drive the Nullarbor Plain?
The section we’ve described will take around 12.5 hours of non-stop driving to complete.
Where does the Nullarbor Plain start and finish?
Technically the Nullarbor plain is the 1100km wide section of exposed limestone split over the SA/WA border, but for all intents and purposes it can be treated as the area between Norseman and Ceduna.
Where do you stop when crossing the Nullarbor?
Each of the stops listed above has its own character, so there’s no wrong answer!
How much does it cost to drive across the Nullarbor?
The remoteness of the Nullarbor makes things pricey. Budget up to $300 for fuel, up to $200 per night for quality accommodation, and around $50 per day per passenger for food.
Why are there no trees on the Nullarbor?
The Nullarbor is an area of exposed bedrock, and as such it simply doesn’t have enough soil to support much plant life. The harsh summer conditions don’t help either.
Is there phone reception on the Nullarbor?
Telstra, Australia’s biggest provider, offers almost complete coverage along the route. If you’re with Optus, Vodafone or any other option though, you may be without signal for days.
What does the word Nullarbor mean?
The word Nullarbor is derived from the Latin nulla, the feminine ‘no’, and arbor, meaning ‘tree’. Rest assured it offers what it says on the packet.
Is the Nullarbor Plain a desert?
While it’s called a plain, the Nullarbor is indeed a desert, as it has a desert climate with arid to semi-arid conditions.
Is the Nullarbor a sealed road?
Yes, the entire journey can now be completed on the sealed Eyre Highway (although many of the most interesting stops are a little off the beaten track.)
The long road of the Nullarbor! 14 hours into Madness!!
Crossing the Nullarbor I just really wanted to capture my experience and put it on youtube. It was 14 hours a very long drive but a fun one.
Starting in Ceduna and ending in Esperance.
I’m just a guy making videos for fun of my experiences not making money off of these, so I hope you enjoy.
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