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Eastern Brown Snake
Eastern Brown Snake, Pseudonaja textilis
Photograph by Angus Emmott. An Eastern Brown Snake, Pseudonaja textilis in characteristic defensive posture (note the distinctive spotting on its belly).
Photograph by Richard Jackson.Characteristic head markings of a juvenile eastern brown Snake.
The Eastern Brown Snake may be any shade of brown but can also be grey or black. Some individuals are banded. The belly is typically cream with pink or orange spots. Juveniles may be plain or banded and have distinctive head markings consisting of a black blotch on the crown and a dark neck band. This species grows to 2 metres. Midbody scale rows 17; ventrals 185–235; anal divided; subcaudals divided 45–75.
Found over most of Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria. It also occurs in southern South Australia and there are isolated populations in the Northern Territory. This species is also present in southern Papua New Guinea.
Found in all habitats except rainforest. It has adapted well to farmed, grazed and semi-urban lands. In South-eastern Queensland, this species is particularly common around Beenleigh and Ipswich.
This species is active by day, although young Eastern Brown Snakes are often encountered at night.
This species is dangerously venomous and has been responsible for many human deaths. The venom is strongly neurotoxic. If bitten, apply first aid and seek urgent medical attention. First aid procedure for any snakebite from the Australian Venom Research Unit.
Eastern Brown Snakes can be pugnacious when provoked and rear up in distinctive “S” shape.
Feeds on frogs, reptiles, birds and mammals.
Mating occurs in spring and early summer. Up to 28 eggs are laid. Hatchlings are around 19 cm from the tip of the snout to the base of the tail (snout-vent length).
Adults are most similar to Coastal Taipans (Oxyuranus scutellatus), Mulga Snakes (Pseudechis australis) and some colour forms of the Western Brown Snake (Pseudonaja nuchalis). They can be distinguished from these species by pattern and scale differences. A number of small snake species can be mistaken for juvenile Eastern Brown Snakes because they have similar head markings (for example, Red-naped Snake, Furina diadema; Grey Snake, Hemiaspis damelii ; Dwyer’s Snake, Parasuta dwyeri and the Curl Snake, Suta suta).
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Juvenile Eastern Brown Snake (Pseudonaja textilis) : Part 1
I stumbled across this baby Eastern Brown Snake (Pseudonaja textilis) whilst trying to film fish in the Snowy River. It was the middle of the day and extremely hot so we went down to the river for a swim and to try some underwater filming with the Gopro. Snakes were the last thing on my mind due to the heat. Just as I’d given up on the fish and turned the camera off I saw this little snake swimming quickly along the shoreline, so back on with the camera. The video is raw footage straight from the camera, unedited apart from adding some freeze frames to show more of the action as everything happened so quickly. I didn’t have any photos or video of young Brown Snakes so decided to catch it so I could get some good shots…but that’s another video! The snake was released shortly afterwards in a pile of flood debris on the riverbank where it would have been safe (at least temporarily) from the resident Kookaburras.\r
Eastern Brown Snakes are a common alert and fast moving elapid found throughout eastern Australia. Although they may grow to 2m(6ft) most snakes average around 1.4m (4ft) in length. Juveniles (such as the one in this video) are often strikingly banded, the bands usually fading with age. Brown Snakes feed mainly on lizards and rodents, and are one species that seems to have adapted to habitat change and done well in agricultural areas and around urban fringes. They are one of the most commonly encountered snakes and have an exaggerated and undeserved reputation for being fiercely aggressive. In reality they are more likely to slip from view long before you see them. However if you threaten them by going too close or annoying them they can be highly reactive and defensive and put on quite a formidable display. \r
After a 3 year study on Common Brown Snakes in the field, Rick Shine and Patrick Whitaker concluded that \